Northern Gate |

 

Northern Gate | 1st prize at 72 Hours Urban Action Competition

exterior/public space

Knockoutdesign participated in 72 Hours Urban Action Competition, that took place in Bat Yam during Biennale of Landscape Urbanism. Knockoutdesign was part of BUT, YAM team together with Christophe Barlieb (USA/FR/DE) + Tal Gur (IL) + Matan Israeli (IL) + Imad, Sami and Ziad Jubran (IL) + Haim Kazas (IL). Competition lasted for 72 hours within which we had to design and execute a project for public space. Our mission was to design Northern Gate a meeting point between two streets different from each other in nature: Yoseftal street, which is central traffic route and the pedestrian-only section at the start of Ort Israel, which is the entrance to one of the Business District's main arteries. The mission was to design public space that allows various uses at different times of the day, to establish a lively entrance to the Business District.

The area served as a wild car park for the local inhabitants and as a meeting point for people praying in two synagogues at two ends of the square. We wanted to design a gate, passage for pedestrians and a barrier blocking cars from entering the pedestrian-only section at the start of Ort Israel. In the design process we realized, that a passage can be a barrier depending on point of view. Looking at our project from Yoseftal the white frame of the entrance catches pedestrians attention and invites them to enter. It develops curiosity among by-passers since they can not see what is at the other side of the gate. The object serves in the same time as a gate, threshold, passage, shadowed structure, playhouse. NORTHERN GATE's openwork design enables wind and light to enter the structure and creates a beautiful play of shadows both at day and night. The important part of the project was treatment of the parking area. We wanted to create order and we painted parking lines parallel to the directions of the gate, actually increasing the number of parking places.

Project was designed and executed in less than 72 hours from 11:00 PM September 25th till 7:00 PM September 28th, 2010 with a budget of 2500$. More pictures can be found on project's blog


Info
Commissioner | Bat Yam City
Design | CDMB Architects (Christophe DM BARLIEB, Berlin, DE) + Tal Gur + Matan Israeli + Imad, Sami and Ziad Jubran + Haim Kazas + KNOCKOUTDESIGN
Location | Bat Yam, IL
Materials | steel, wood
Year | 2010

 

Northern Gate | 1st prize at 72 Hours Urban Action Competition

exterior/public space

Knockoutdesign participated in 72 Hours Urban Action Competition, that took place in Bat Yam during Biennale of Landscape Urbanism. Knockoutdesign was part of BUT, YAM team together with Christophe Barlieb (USA/FR/DE) + Tal Gur (IL) + Matan Israeli (IL) + Imad, Sami and Ziad Jubran (IL) + Haim Kazas (IL). Competition lasted for 72 hours within which we had to design and execute a project for public space. Our mission was to design Northern Gate a meeting point between two streets different from each other in nature: Yoseftal street, which is central traffic route and the pedestrian-only section at the start of Ort Israel, which is the entrance to one of the Business District's main arteries. The mission was to design public space that allows various uses at different times of the day, to establish a lively entrance to the Business District.

The area served as a wild car park for the local inhabitants and as a meeting point for people praying in two synagogues at two ends of the square. We wanted to design a gate, passage for pedestrians and a barrier blocking cars from entering the pedestrian-only section at the start of Ort Israel. In the design process we realized, that a passage can be a barrier depending on point of view. Looking at our project from Yoseftal the white frame of the entrance catches pedestrians attention and invites them to enter. It develops curiosity among by-passers since they can not see what is at the other side of the gate. The object serves in the same time as a gate, threshold, passage, shadowed structure, playhouse. NORTHERN GATE's openwork design enables wind and light to enter the structure and creates a beautiful play of shadows both at day and night. The important part of the project was treatment of the parking area. We wanted to create order and we painted parking lines parallel to the directions of the gate, actually increasing the number of parking places.

Project was designed and executed in less than 72 hours from 11:00 PM September 25th till 7:00 PM September 28th, 2010 with a budget of 2500$. More pictures can be found on project's blog


Info
Commissioner | Bat Yam City
Design | CDMB Architects (Christophe DM BARLIEB, Berlin, DE) + Tal Gur + Matan Israeli + Imad, Sami and Ziad Jubran + Haim Kazas + KNOCKOUTDESIGN
Location | Bat Yam, IL
Materials | steel, wood
Year | 2010

 

Northern Gate | 1st prize at 72 Hours Urban Action Competition

exterior/public space

Knockoutdesign participated in 72 Hours Urban Action Competition, that took place in Bat Yam during Biennale of Landscape Urbanism. Knockoutdesign was part of BUT, YAM team together with Christophe Barlieb (USA/FR/DE) + Tal Gur (IL) + Matan Israeli (IL) + Imad, Sami and Ziad Jubran (IL) + Haim Kazas (IL). Competition lasted for 72 hours within which we had to design and execute a project for public space. Our mission was to design Northern Gate a meeting point between two streets different from each other in nature: Yoseftal street, which is central traffic route and the pedestrian-only section at the start of Ort Israel, which is the entrance to one of the Business District's main arteries. The mission was to design public space that allows various uses at different times of the day, to establish a lively entrance to the Business District.

The area served as a wild car park for the local inhabitants and as a meeting point for people praying in two synagogues at two ends of the square. We wanted to design a gate, passage for pedestrians and a barrier blocking cars from entering the pedestrian-only section at the start of Ort Israel. In the design process we realized, that a passage can be a barrier depending on point of view. Looking at our project from Yoseftal the white frame of the entrance catches pedestrians attention and invites them to enter. It develops curiosity among by-passers since they can not see what is at the other side of the gate. The object serves in the same time as a gate, threshold, passage, shadowed structure, playhouse. NORTHERN GATE's openwork design enables wind and light to enter the structure and creates a beautiful play of shadows both at day and night. The important part of the project was treatment of the parking area. We wanted to create order and we painted parking lines parallel to the directions of the gate, actually increasing the number of parking places.

Project was designed and executed in less than 72 hours from 11:00 PM September 25th till 7:00 PM September 28th, 2010 with a budget of 2500$. More pictures can be found on project's blog


Info
Commissioner | Bat Yam City
Design | CDMB Architects (Christophe DM BARLIEB, Berlin, DE) + Tal Gur + Matan Israeli + Imad, Sami and Ziad Jubran + Haim Kazas + KNOCKOUTDESIGN
Location | Bat Yam, IL
Materials | steel, wood
Year | 2010

 

Northern Gate | 1st prize at 72 Hours Urban Action Competition

exterior/public space

Knockoutdesign participated in 72 Hours Urban Action Competition, that took place in Bat Yam during Biennale of Landscape Urbanism. Knockoutdesign was part of BUT, YAM team together with Christophe Barlieb (USA/FR/DE) + Tal Gur (IL) + Matan Israeli (IL) + Imad, Sami and Ziad Jubran (IL) + Haim Kazas (IL). Competition lasted for 72 hours within which we had to design and execute a project for public space. Our mission was to design Northern Gate a meeting point between two streets different from each other in nature: Yoseftal street, which is central traffic route and the pedestrian-only section at the start of Ort Israel, which is the entrance to one of the Business District's main arteries. The mission was to design public space that allows various uses at different times of the day, to establish a lively entrance to the Business District.

The area served as a wild car park for the local inhabitants and as a meeting point for people praying in two synagogues at two ends of the square. We wanted to design a gate, passage for pedestrians and a barrier blocking cars from entering the pedestrian-only section at the start of Ort Israel. In the design process we realized, that a passage can be a barrier depending on point of view. Looking at our project from Yoseftal the white frame of the entrance catches pedestrians attention and invites them to enter. It develops curiosity among by-passers since they can not see what is at the other side of the gate. The object serves in the same time as a gate, threshold, passage, shadowed structure, playhouse. NORTHERN GATE's openwork design enables wind and light to enter the structure and creates a beautiful play of shadows both at day and night. The important part of the project was treatment of the parking area. We wanted to create order and we painted parking lines parallel to the directions of the gate, actually increasing the number of parking places.

Project was designed and executed in less than 72 hours from 11:00 PM September 25th till 7:00 PM September 28th, 2010 with a budget of 2500$. More pictures can be found on project's blog


Info
Commissioner | Bat Yam City
Design | CDMB Architects (Christophe DM BARLIEB, Berlin, DE) + Tal Gur + Matan Israeli + Imad, Sami and Ziad Jubran + Haim Kazas + KNOCKOUTDESIGN
Location | Bat Yam, IL
Materials | steel, wood
Year | 2010

 

Northern Gate | 1st prize at 72 Hours Urban Action Competition

exterior/public space

Knockoutdesign participated in 72 Hours Urban Action Competition, that took place in Bat Yam during Biennale of Landscape Urbanism. Knockoutdesign was part of BUT, YAM team together with Christophe Barlieb (USA/FR/DE) + Tal Gur (IL) + Matan Israeli (IL) + Imad, Sami and Ziad Jubran (IL) + Haim Kazas (IL). Competition lasted for 72 hours within which we had to design and execute a project for public space. Our mission was to design Northern Gate a meeting point between two streets different from each other in nature: Yoseftal street, which is central traffic route and the pedestrian-only section at the start of Ort Israel, which is the entrance to one of the Business District's main arteries. The mission was to design public space that allows various uses at different times of the day, to establish a lively entrance to the Business District.

The area served as a wild car park for the local inhabitants and as a meeting point for people praying in two synagogues at two ends of the square. We wanted to design a gate, passage for pedestrians and a barrier blocking cars from entering the pedestrian-only section at the start of Ort Israel. In the design process we realized, that a passage can be a barrier depending on point of view. Looking at our project from Yoseftal the white frame of the entrance catches pedestrians attention and invites them to enter. It develops curiosity among by-passers since they can not see what is at the other side of the gate. The object serves in the same time as a gate, threshold, passage, shadowed structure, playhouse. NORTHERN GATE's openwork design enables wind and light to enter the structure and creates a beautiful play of shadows both at day and night. The important part of the project was treatment of the parking area. We wanted to create order and we painted parking lines parallel to the directions of the gate, actually increasing the number of parking places.

Project was designed and executed in less than 72 hours from 11:00 PM September 25th till 7:00 PM September 28th, 2010 with a budget of 2500$. More pictures can be found on project's blog


Info
Commissioner | Bat Yam City
Design | CDMB Architects (Christophe DM BARLIEB, Berlin, DE) + Tal Gur + Matan Israeli + Imad, Sami and Ziad Jubran + Haim Kazas + KNOCKOUTDESIGN
Location | Bat Yam, IL
Materials | steel, wood
Year | 2010

 

Northern Gate | 1st prize at 72 Hours Urban Action Competition

exterior/public space

Knockoutdesign participated in 72 Hours Urban Action Competition, that took place in Bat Yam during Biennale of Landscape Urbanism. Knockoutdesign was part of BUT, YAM team together with Christophe Barlieb (USA/FR/DE) + Tal Gur (IL) + Matan Israeli (IL) + Imad, Sami and Ziad Jubran (IL) + Haim Kazas (IL). Competition lasted for 72 hours within which we had to design and execute a project for public space. Our mission was to design Northern Gate a meeting point between two streets different from each other in nature: Yoseftal street, which is central traffic route and the pedestrian-only section at the start of Ort Israel, which is the entrance to one of the Business District's main arteries. The mission was to design public space that allows various uses at different times of the day, to establish a lively entrance to the Business District.

The area served as a wild car park for the local inhabitants and as a meeting point for people praying in two synagogues at two ends of the square. We wanted to design a gate, passage for pedestrians and a barrier blocking cars from entering the pedestrian-only section at the start of Ort Israel. In the design process we realized, that a passage can be a barrier depending on point of view. Looking at our project from Yoseftal the white frame of the entrance catches pedestrians attention and invites them to enter. It develops curiosity among by-passers since they can not see what is at the other side of the gate. The object serves in the same time as a gate, threshold, passage, shadowed structure, playhouse. NORTHERN GATE's openwork design enables wind and light to enter the structure and creates a beautiful play of shadows both at day and night. The important part of the project was treatment of the parking area. We wanted to create order and we painted parking lines parallel to the directions of the gate, actually increasing the number of parking places.

Project was designed and executed in less than 72 hours from 11:00 PM September 25th till 7:00 PM September 28th, 2010 with a budget of 2500$. More pictures can be found on project's blog


Info
Commissioner | Bat Yam City
Design | CDMB Architects (Christophe DM BARLIEB, Berlin, DE) + Tal Gur + Matan Israeli + Imad, Sami and Ziad Jubran + Haim Kazas + KNOCKOUTDESIGN
Location | Bat Yam, IL
Materials | steel, wood
Year | 2010

 

Northern Gate | 1st prize at 72 Hours Urban Action Competition

exterior/public space

Knockoutdesign participated in 72 Hours Urban Action Competition, that took place in Bat Yam during Biennale of Landscape Urbanism. Knockoutdesign was part of BUT, YAM team together with Christophe Barlieb (USA/FR/DE) + Tal Gur (IL) + Matan Israeli (IL) + Imad, Sami and Ziad Jubran (IL) + Haim Kazas (IL). Competition lasted for 72 hours within which we had to design and execute a project for public space. Our mission was to design Northern Gate a meeting point between two streets different from each other in nature: Yoseftal street, which is central traffic route and the pedestrian-only section at the start of Ort Israel, which is the entrance to one of the Business District's main arteries. The mission was to design public space that allows various uses at different times of the day, to establish a lively entrance to the Business District.

The area served as a wild car park for the local inhabitants and as a meeting point for people praying in two synagogues at two ends of the square. We wanted to design a gate, passage for pedestrians and a barrier blocking cars from entering the pedestrian-only section at the start of Ort Israel. In the design process we realized, that a passage can be a barrier depending on point of view. Looking at our project from Yoseftal the white frame of the entrance catches pedestrians attention and invites them to enter. It develops curiosity among by-passers since they can not see what is at the other side of the gate. The object serves in the same time as a gate, threshold, passage, shadowed structure, playhouse. NORTHERN GATE's openwork design enables wind and light to enter the structure and creates a beautiful play of shadows both at day and night. The important part of the project was treatment of the parking area. We wanted to create order and we painted parking lines parallel to the directions of the gate, actually increasing the number of parking places.

Project was designed and executed in less than 72 hours from 11:00 PM September 25th till 7:00 PM September 28th, 2010 with a budget of 2500$. More pictures can be found on project's blog


Info
Commissioner | Bat Yam City
Design | CDMB Architects (Christophe DM BARLIEB, Berlin, DE) + Tal Gur + Matan Israeli + Imad, Sami and Ziad Jubran + Haim Kazas + KNOCKOUTDESIGN
Location | Bat Yam, IL
Materials | steel, wood
Year | 2010

 

Northern Gate | 1st prize at 72 Hours Urban Action Competition

exterior/public space

Knockoutdesign participated in 72 Hours Urban Action Competition, that took place in Bat Yam during Biennale of Landscape Urbanism. Knockoutdesign was part of BUT, YAM team together with Christophe Barlieb (USA/FR/DE) + Tal Gur (IL) + Matan Israeli (IL) + Imad, Sami and Ziad Jubran (IL) + Haim Kazas (IL). Competition lasted for 72 hours within which we had to design and execute a project for public space. Our mission was to design Northern Gate a meeting point between two streets different from each other in nature: Yoseftal street, which is central traffic route and the pedestrian-only section at the start of Ort Israel, which is the entrance to one of the Business District's main arteries. The mission was to design public space that allows various uses at different times of the day, to establish a lively entrance to the Business District.

The area served as a wild car park for the local inhabitants and as a meeting point for people praying in two synagogues at two ends of the square. We wanted to design a gate, passage for pedestrians and a barrier blocking cars from entering the pedestrian-only section at the start of Ort Israel. In the design process we realized, that a passage can be a barrier depending on point of view. Looking at our project from Yoseftal the white frame of the entrance catches pedestrians attention and invites them to enter. It develops curiosity among by-passers since they can not see what is at the other side of the gate. The object serves in the same time as a gate, threshold, passage, shadowed structure, playhouse. NORTHERN GATE's openwork design enables wind and light to enter the structure and creates a beautiful play of shadows both at day and night. The important part of the project was treatment of the parking area. We wanted to create order and we painted parking lines parallel to the directions of the gate, actually increasing the number of parking places.

Project was designed and executed in less than 72 hours from 11:00 PM September 25th till 7:00 PM September 28th, 2010 with a budget of 2500$. More pictures can be found on project's blog


Info
Commissioner | Bat Yam City
Design | CDMB Architects (Christophe DM BARLIEB, Berlin, DE) + Tal Gur + Matan Israeli + Imad, Sami and Ziad Jubran + Haim Kazas + KNOCKOUTDESIGN
Location | Bat Yam, IL
Materials | steel, wood
Year | 2010

 

Northern Gate | 1st prize at 72 Hours Urban Action Competition

exterior/public space

Knockoutdesign participated in 72 Hours Urban Action Competition, that took place in Bat Yam during Biennale of Landscape Urbanism. Knockoutdesign was part of BUT, YAM team together with Christophe Barlieb (USA/FR/DE) + Tal Gur (IL) + Matan Israeli (IL) + Imad, Sami and Ziad Jubran (IL) + Haim Kazas (IL). Competition lasted for 72 hours within which we had to design and execute a project for public space. Our mission was to design Northern Gate a meeting point between two streets different from each other in nature: Yoseftal street, which is central traffic route and the pedestrian-only section at the start of Ort Israel, which is the entrance to one of the Business District's main arteries. The mission was to design public space that allows various uses at different times of the day, to establish a lively entrance to the Business District.

The area served as a wild car park for the local inhabitants and as a meeting point for people praying in two synagogues at two ends of the square. We wanted to design a gate, passage for pedestrians and a barrier blocking cars from entering the pedestrian-only section at the start of Ort Israel. In the design process we realized, that a passage can be a barrier depending on point of view. Looking at our project from Yoseftal the white frame of the entrance catches pedestrians attention and invites them to enter. It develops curiosity among by-passers since they can not see what is at the other side of the gate. The object serves in the same time as a gate, threshold, passage, shadowed structure, playhouse. NORTHERN GATE's openwork design enables wind and light to enter the structure and creates a beautiful play of shadows both at day and night. The important part of the project was treatment of the parking area. We wanted to create order and we painted parking lines parallel to the directions of the gate, actually increasing the number of parking places.

Project was designed and executed in less than 72 hours from 11:00 PM September 25th till 7:00 PM September 28th, 2010 with a budget of 2500$. More pictures can be found on project's blog


Info
Commissioner | Bat Yam City
Design | CDMB Architects (Christophe DM BARLIEB, Berlin, DE) + Tal Gur + Matan Israeli + Imad, Sami and Ziad Jubran + Haim Kazas + KNOCKOUTDESIGN
Location | Bat Yam, IL
Materials | steel, wood
Year | 2010

 

Northern Gate | 1st prize at 72 Hours Urban Action Competition

exterior/public space

Knockoutdesign participated in 72 Hours Urban Action Competition, that took place in Bat Yam during Biennale of Landscape Urbanism. Knockoutdesign was part of BUT, YAM team together with Christophe Barlieb (USA/FR/DE) + Tal Gur (IL) + Matan Israeli (IL) + Imad, Sami and Ziad Jubran (IL) + Haim Kazas (IL). Competition lasted for 72 hours within which we had to design and execute a project for public space. Our mission was to design Northern Gate a meeting point between two streets different from each other in nature: Yoseftal street, which is central traffic route and the pedestrian-only section at the start of Ort Israel, which is the entrance to one of the Business District's main arteries. The mission was to design public space that allows various uses at different times of the day, to establish a lively entrance to the Business District.

The area served as a wild car park for the local inhabitants and as a meeting point for people praying in two synagogues at two ends of the square. We wanted to design a gate, passage for pedestrians and a barrier blocking cars from entering the pedestrian-only section at the start of Ort Israel. In the design process we realized, that a passage can be a barrier depending on point of view. Looking at our project from Yoseftal the white frame of the entrance catches pedestrians attention and invites them to enter. It develops curiosity among by-passers since they can not see what is at the other side of the gate. The object serves in the same time as a gate, threshold, passage, shadowed structure, playhouse. NORTHERN GATE's openwork design enables wind and light to enter the structure and creates a beautiful play of shadows both at day and night. The important part of the project was treatment of the parking area. We wanted to create order and we painted parking lines parallel to the directions of the gate, actually increasing the number of parking places.

Project was designed and executed in less than 72 hours from 11:00 PM September 25th till 7:00 PM September 28th, 2010 with a budget of 2500$. More pictures can be found on project's blog


Info
Commissioner | Bat Yam City
Design | CDMB Architects (Christophe DM BARLIEB, Berlin, DE) + Tal Gur + Matan Israeli + Imad, Sami and Ziad Jubran + Haim Kazas + KNOCKOUTDESIGN
Location | Bat Yam, IL
Materials | steel, wood
Year | 2010

 

Northern Gate | 1st prize at 72 Hours Urban Action Competition

exterior/public space

Knockoutdesign participated in 72 Hours Urban Action Competition, that took place in Bat Yam during Biennale of Landscape Urbanism. Knockoutdesign was part of BUT, YAM team together with Christophe Barlieb (USA/FR/DE) + Tal Gur (IL) + Matan Israeli (IL) + Imad, Sami and Ziad Jubran (IL) + Haim Kazas (IL). Competition lasted for 72 hours within which we had to design and execute a project for public space. Our mission was to design Northern Gate a meeting point between two streets different from each other in nature: Yoseftal street, which is central traffic route and the pedestrian-only section at the start of Ort Israel, which is the entrance to one of the Business District's main arteries. The mission was to design public space that allows various uses at different times of the day, to establish a lively entrance to the Business District.

The area served as a wild car park for the local inhabitants and as a meeting point for people praying in two synagogues at two ends of the square. We wanted to design a gate, passage for pedestrians and a barrier blocking cars from entering the pedestrian-only section at the start of Ort Israel. In the design process we realized, that a passage can be a barrier depending on point of view. Looking at our project from Yoseftal the white frame of the entrance catches pedestrians attention and invites them to enter. It develops curiosity among by-passers since they can not see what is at the other side of the gate. The object serves in the same time as a gate, threshold, passage, shadowed structure, playhouse. NORTHERN GATE's openwork design enables wind and light to enter the structure and creates a beautiful play of shadows both at day and night. The important part of the project was treatment of the parking area. We wanted to create order and we painted parking lines parallel to the directions of the gate, actually increasing the number of parking places.

Project was designed and executed in less than 72 hours from 11:00 PM September 25th till 7:00 PM September 28th, 2010 with a budget of 2500$. More pictures can be found on project's blog


Info
Commissioner | Bat Yam City
Design | CDMB Architects (Christophe DM BARLIEB, Berlin, DE) + Tal Gur + Matan Israeli + Imad, Sami and Ziad Jubran + Haim Kazas + KNOCKOUTDESIGN
Location | Bat Yam, IL
Materials | steel, wood
Year | 2010

 

Northern Gate | 1st prize at 72 Hours Urban Action Competition

exterior/public space

Knockoutdesign participated in 72 Hours Urban Action Competition, that took place in Bat Yam during Biennale of Landscape Urbanism. Knockoutdesign was part of BUT, YAM team together with Christophe Barlieb (USA/FR/DE) + Tal Gur (IL) + Matan Israeli (IL) + Imad, Sami and Ziad Jubran (IL) + Haim Kazas (IL). Competition lasted for 72 hours within which we had to design and execute a project for public space. Our mission was to design Northern Gate a meeting point between two streets different from each other in nature: Yoseftal street, which is central traffic route and the pedestrian-only section at the start of Ort Israel, which is the entrance to one of the Business District's main arteries. The mission was to design public space that allows various uses at different times of the day, to establish a lively entrance to the Business District.

The area served as a wild car park for the local inhabitants and as a meeting point for people praying in two synagogues at two ends of the square. We wanted to design a gate, passage for pedestrians and a barrier blocking cars from entering the pedestrian-only section at the start of Ort Israel. In the design process we realized, that a passage can be a barrier depending on point of view. Looking at our project from Yoseftal the white frame of the entrance catches pedestrians attention and invites them to enter. It develops curiosity among by-passers since they can not see what is at the other side of the gate. The object serves in the same time as a gate, threshold, passage, shadowed structure, playhouse. NORTHERN GATE's openwork design enables wind and light to enter the structure and creates a beautiful play of shadows both at day and night. The important part of the project was treatment of the parking area. We wanted to create order and we painted parking lines parallel to the directions of the gate, actually increasing the number of parking places.

Project was designed and executed in less than 72 hours from 11:00 PM September 25th till 7:00 PM September 28th, 2010 with a budget of 2500$. More pictures can be found on project's blog


Info
Commissioner | Bat Yam City
Design | CDMB Architects (Christophe DM BARLIEB, Berlin, DE) + Tal Gur + Matan Israeli + Imad, Sami and Ziad Jubran + Haim Kazas + KNOCKOUTDESIGN
Location | Bat Yam, IL
Materials | steel, wood
Year | 2010